|More on white shark in the 'Dive the big Five' page, first shark.||Summary of great white shark ancestry by Jim Bourdon.||Summary of white sharks in captivity||Preliminary demographic analysis|
|Mollet et al. 1996 on 'KANGA' and 'MALTA' (3.4 MB PDF).||Dyer Island White Shark Slide Show||How do you tell apart a white shark embryo from a shortfin mako embryo? Download PDF of Mollet, Testi, Compagno, and Francis (2002) to find out.||Litters and Estimate of Gestation Period|
|Learn more about reproductive biology of shortfin mako and white shark (in the discussion) and download PDF of Mollet, Cliff, Pratt, and Stevens (2000).||Italian great white shark data bank||1985 Biology of the White Shark symposium. (PDF 4.6 MB)||Dyer Island White Shark Slide Show. On June 9, 2001 we saw 12 white sharks between 2-4 m TL at Dyer Island. (slide 1 shows a map, followed by 17 slides of action)|
|White shark morphometrics; Download Mollet and Cailliet (1996) as PDF (2.8 MB).||Cailliet et al 1985. First VBGF, pdf||Wildlife Conservation Society: South Africa : Great White Shark Conservation||Wildlife Conservation Society: Collaborative Satellite Tagging Programme|
|New # (old #) Photograph||No.||TL (m)||M (kg)
The No. in the second column were the 101 shark available for Mollet and Cailliet (1996) and Mollet et al. (1996). Starting new #'s in Oct 2014. Put old in () if applicable and could add it to first col with pics. Looks like not all of the orignial 101 sharks were in this table?
|F||Aegean Sea, Turkey||6 July 2011||Kabasakal (2014): Caught in Edremit Bay, off Altinoluk by a trammel-netter in inshore waters. After landing, the specimen was transferred to seawater tank but upon observing stress signs, it was released after a couple of hours of captivity. Measurements were taken by fishers. A video of this specimen being released is available at the following link: http://vimeo.com/46296179 .
|002||New||~0.8-1.0||Aegean Sea, Turkey||Late June-early July 2010||Kabasakal (2014): Three juveniles captured by coastal gill- or trammel-netters in Edremit Bay, off Altinoluk|
|F||San Onofre, CA, USA||27 July, 2010||MBA Juv. white shark program. Thanks to Chris Lowe and John O'Sullivan for info and Chuck Winkler who took the photo. Likely to be the runt of a litter.|
|Francis 1996 (p. 169: Wes Pratt pers. communication; not 41 nor 47 inches, 1.22 m would be 48 inches)|
|New||1.22||F||BHB||BHB||Hubbell (1996, Table II)|
|006||New||Est ~1.22-1.37||M||Fisherman's Wharf, Monteray CA||6 Oct 2014||Rare visitor to Monterey Fisherman's Wharf: young great white shark! http://vimeo.com/108184611
Aaron Carlisle provided length estimate and said: Just ran over there (~2 PM) and it's still there swimming in circles, very cool! Not going to be around much longer by the looks of it. I'd estimate it to be on the order of 4-4.5' or so, it was really small. Definitely a white. Local news coverage of 5 Oct appearance of same? shark at Del Monte Beach in Monterey.
|New||1.24||M||RC81487||RC81487||Hubbell (1996, Table II)|
|M||Aegean Sea, Turkey||1 July 2008||Kabasakal & Osgur-Gedikoglu (2008): Caught in Edremit Bay, off Altinoluk coast by a commercial gill-netter; unhealed birth mark was visible on the belly. Table with morphometrics. For complete Table 1 see PDF of paper.|
|M||Los Angeles CA, USA||18 Jun 1985||LACM 43804-1; J. Seigel 1994 pers. comm.|
|Aug 1975||Ellis and McCosker (1991) p. 64. Trapped in fisherman's net. Thanks to Richard Ellis for info and photo (also did the dissection)..|
|Net off South Australia||Mar-Apr 1994||Malcolm et al. 2001|
|F||Popov Island in the ‘Peter the Great Gulf, Russia||
September 25, 2011
|The specimen was caught off Popov Island in the ‘Peter
the Great Gulf’. A local scientist says that the capture of the newborn
shark indicates that these waters serve as pupping and nursery grounds for
the great white shark. Jaw photograph.
Thanks to Victor Lin for URL.
|014||New||1.3||Net off NSW?||1974||Malcolm et al. 2001|
|015||New||1.35||M||BH71087||BH71087||Hubbell (1996, Table II)|
||New||1.4||Eastern Cape, South Africa||<1951||J.L.B. Smith (1951) described a 140 cm neonate caught off Algoa Bay in 20 fathoms deep water. Two of its teeth are also shown on the far left of plate 8 in Bass et al. (1975) IR #39 (I've added the letter A which was apparently missing on the original plate). Scale bar does not apply to these two teeth.|
||New||1.42||M||BH71590||Photo shows Fig. 3 in Hubbell (1996).
Figure 3. Front row teeth, labial view, from a 142 cm TL male white shark, showing lateral cusplets, narrow teeth, and, in the first lower anterior, lack of serrations.
||New||1.45||M||Aegean Sea, Turkey||4 July 2008||Kabasakal & Osgur-Gedikoglu (2008): Caught in Edremit Bay, off Altinoluk coast by a commercial gill-netter; unhealed birth mark was visible on the belly. Table with morphometrics. For complete Table 1 see PDF of paper.|
|019||New||1.46||M||CA8564||CA8564||Hubbell (1996, Table II)|
||New||1.46||Wanda Beach near Sydney||1982||Caught south of Sydney, near Wanda Beach.in 1982. Was donated to the Australian Museum. Simon De Marchi personal communication.|
||New||~1.41 from ~1.5 TL OTC; 1.35 FL OTC||28
|F||Off Huntington Beach CA, USA||20 Aug 2004||Caught as by-catch in halibut gillnet, transferred to ocean pen off Malibu and transported to MBA on 14 Sep 2004. My estimate of age at capture is 1-3 months, thus birth date between May 20 - July 20, 2004.|
||09||1.54||M||Bodega Bay CA, USA; taken alive||10 Sep 1984||MBA#1, MLML#31; Mollet et al. 1996|
|New||1.596||27.3||M||New Plymouth, Taranaki coast New Zealand||~07 Mar 2017||The shark was sadly found in a commercial fishing net near New Plymouth. He wasn't the neo-natal we thought he might have been and Mr Duffy estimated his age at 2 to 3 months.
(Alerted to this by Vic Lin)
|New||~1.6||off Bird Island, Eastern Cape, SA||15 Dec 1989||Caught by a ski boat angler. Area is known to have neonate white sharks seasonally.|
|New||~1.63 from 1.74 TL OTC;
1.53 FL OTC
|M||Santa Monica Bay, CA USA||17 Aug 2006||Caught by Joe Welsch on rod and reel using Bonito bait.
Second Young White Shark on Exhibit.
|M||18 m off Darien GA, USA||06 Jan 1994||G. Burgess 1995 pers. comm.|
|28||1.967||F||SW off Cape Lockout NC, USA||18 Apr 1974||G. Burgess 1995 pers. comm.|
|New||2.3||Natal, South Africa||<1975||Bass et al. (1975) IR #39 included tooth set of 230 cm specimen from Natal, South Africa. Plate # 8 with scale bar. Teeth on far left belong to 140 cm neonate without scale bar.|
|M||Marathon FL, USA||23 Apr 1992||J. Castro and G. Hubbell 1995 pers. comms.|
|F||5 miles NE of Catalina Island, CA||24 June, 1975||From Andrew Sprott: The shark (TL = 8'8") was a female and weighed
1,375lbs. It was caught 5 miles northeast of Catalina Island, on June 24th
1975. The stomach contents had the remains of two harbor seals (weighed
approx 150 lbs (68 kg) each). This shark was displayed at Sea World San
Diego from 1975 to 1976 when it was replaced by the 18 1/2" GWS (see
Photo credit to Alan Lyngholm from San Diego.
|F||200 km west of Fort Myers FL, USA||22 Feb 1994||M. Mitchell 1994 pers. comm.|
|F||Mossel Bay SA||31 Aug 2009||
As a hoax, the picture of this shark was circulated in Oct 2014 as a 10.4 m TL, 15.6 ton prehistoic shark and it may not have been the first time. Acc. to Victor Lin this white shark was caught and dissected in South Africa. It was reported to be 4.3 m long and weighed 900kg. Acc to Dylson Irian this white that was caught in the KZN bather protection nets and was dissected in Mossel Bay, South Africa in late 2009 by Enrico Gennari, as part of his PhD at Rhodes University (FL 4.050 m, PCL 3.630, Girth 2.270 m). The photo shows the shark before it was eviserated. The second (bottom) photo better shows the true size of this shark. This shark became part of the television series Inside Nature's Giants.
|F||Morro Bay CA, USA; Slide show of arrival in Santa Cruz||24 Nov 2000 ~9 AM||Photo List I for Morro Bay Great White Shark generated by C.R. Davis and D.B. Harris. Dissection protocol with preliminary results.|
|New||2-4+||Dyer Island, about 7 km west of Gans Bay SA||09 Jun 2001||Dyer Island White Shark Slide Show. On June 9, 2001 we saw 12 white sharks between 2-4 m TL at Dyer Island. (slide 1 shows a map, followed by 17 slides of action)|
|New||~4||F (from photo)||Simon's Bay, South Africa||1922||Robert "Taps" Lankester, coxswain of the port boat. His three
assistants are Doolie Slarmie, Imam Achmat Baker and Fred Beukes. The
Great White shark was caught in Simon's Bay, South Africa, in 1922.
Thanks to Bill Bridges for URL.
|New||~ 4.5||M||Ceduna, South Australia||1977||Kostas Bambakas pers. comm.|
|New||4 to 5||Yakutat, Alaska USA||Oct 2003||Photo of teeth used for length guesstimate by source to be identified.|
|New||~4.57 (~15")||Off Santa Cruz Island, CA, USA||Sep 1985||
Thanks to Victor Lin for newspaper clipping.
|JainSu County, China||18 Apr 2006||From Victor Lin: A white shark was caught at JainSu County, China on April 18, 2006. It was 4.66 meters long and weighed 755kg.|
6 km north of Richards Bay SA on experimental baited line
|06 Feb 2002|| Synopsis of the dissection (19 Feb 2002 elasmo-l
posting by Geremy Cliff): Dissection date: 14 February 2002 Total length:
4.69 m (tail in natural position), Fork length: 4.23 m, Precaudal length:
3.80 m, Mass: 1160 kg, Liver mass: 270 kg (HSI 23.3%);
Sexual state: Virgin, approaching sexual maturity;
Stomach contents: digested remains of a small dolphin;
Ovary mass: 838 g (GSI 0.072%) (right ovary; no left ovary discernible), Ovum diameter: numerous 3-4 mm clear oocytes were present;
Uterus width: 41 mm (UWI 0.87%) (at the widest point);
Shark condition: Fair (livers started to ooze oil; epigonal organs breaking up).
|M||Off NW coast of Aniva Bay, Russia||19 July, 2007||A. Ya. Velikanov, JOURNAL OF ICHTHYOLOGY Vol. 50 No. 4 2010. Caught swimming at the water surface in the trap of the pound seine (distance from the shore 1800m, depth at the place of setting 12 m). Location 46 30 N and 142 23 E.|
|?||Off Korea||10 Aug 2009||In 2009, for the first time, there are sevaral reports of captures off Korea. An old fisherman caught a 4.7m, 800 kg white shark on Aug.10, 2009. On the same day, a 5.45 m white shark was found stranded on the beach, and died one hour after it was found (see below). Thanks to Victor Lin for information.|
|?||Off Korea||27 March 2009||In 2009, for the first time, there are sevaral reports of captures off Korea. This white shark (4.4 m) was later reported to have measured 4.7 m with capture date 29 Mar 2009.. Thanks go to Victor Lin for information.|
|off Rhode Island, USA||27 Jul 1991||Caught by Joe Pagano and Steve Daniels.
Victor Lin personal communication.
More details here.
|Off Port Waikato (north of Raglan), North Island NZ||19 Oct 2005||
Thank for info and photos go to Julian Brook. Caught
in commercial set-net off the coast of Raglan, North Island, New Zealand.
|70||4.79||F||Davenport CA, USA||06 Oct 1982||MLML#31; Mollet et al. 1996|
Mature, but did not yet have 1st litter?
|South Africa||Uterine width index (UWI) = 2.1% (Mollet et al. 2000; on reproductive biology of the female shortfin mako with discussion of maturity of white shark in discussion). Mature but did not yet have her 1st litter?|
|New||4.8||Chidori Canal, Yako district of Kawasaki-ku, Kawasaki Japan||Oct 26, 2005||KAWASAKI -- A 4.8-meter-long great white shark was found
floating in a canal here Wednesday morning, local government and police
officials said. At around 10 a.m., a factory worker found the shark floating
in the Chidori Canal near his workplace in the Yako district of Kawasaki-ku,
Kawasaki, and alerted the local government, according to officials. A company
commissioned by the Kawasaki Municipal Government used a crane to recover
the dead shark. The municipal government's port and harbor bureau and local
police said the 4.8-meter-long shark is believed to be a great white shark,
and had been alive shortly before it was found. The canal is located in
a waterfront industrial district near the Port of Kawasaki and is about
100 meters wide. "We've never heard of a shark near here. I'm surprised
to learn that sharks are living in the Port of Kawasaki," said an official
of the city's port and harbor bureau. (Mainichi).
Info and photo from Victor Lin.
|South Africa||Uterine width index (UWI) = 1.6% (Mollet et al. 2000; on reproductive biology of the female shortfin mako with discussion of maturity of white shark in discussion).|
<5 acc to A.V.
|F||Cape Crillon, Sakhalin Island, Russia||27 Aug 2004||
Great White Shark allegedly caught in the Russian Far East – August 2014 Helmut Nickel (mail), Shark Year Magazine,
|New||~5||?||?||Sea of Marmara, Turkey||1920||Kabasakal (2014): Caught off Prince Islands and displayed to public in Taksim Square, Istanbul city (Figure 3)|
|Quy Nhon City, Vietnam||04 Feb 2010||VietNamNet
Bridge – A shark of one tonne in weight was caught on February
4, near the beach where ten people were recently attacked in Quy Nhon city,
the central province of Binh Dinh.
Thanks to Luis Kmentt and Helmut Nickel for information.
|F||Port Pirie, Southern Australia||06 Aug 2004||
A GW caught by a fisherman in Port Pirie, Southern Australia on Aug 6, 2004.Victor Lin p.c. Australian biologists will soon report if this female was immature or mature.
|1550 (3417 lbs)||F||off Albany, Western Australia||1976||Thanks to Scott Mierzwiak for photos and the following detailed information:
This 3,417- pound female great white shark was caught by Clive Green in 1976, off Albany, Western Australia. The shark was between 16 and 17 feet long, just over 10 feet around, and it took Mr. Green 4 hours and 45 minutes to reel her in close enough to the boat to get the first gaff hooks in her. This was a world record attempt for the largest fish ever caught on rod & line, but it was diqualified by the International Game Fish Association because marine mammal bait was used, which is against IGFA rules and regulations. This shark was just 10 pounds lighter than the largest fish ever caught on rod and line, a 3,427 pound male, which was caught in 1986, by Frank Mundus and Donnie Braddick, another fish which was also disqualified because of marine mammal bait. The recognized record by the IGFA is a 2,664 pound shark, which was caught by Alf Dean, in 1959. Dean's fish was caught using marine mammal bait too, but as this was before the rule regarding the use of such bait, Dean's catch was allowed to stand as a record.
Photo of largest upper tooth.
|off ChinDhou, ShanDong Province of China||12 Jun 2007||According to the website, the shark was"less than 8 meters long and weighed 2500kg with eyes as big as eggs and with one-meter-long fin. However, judging from the picture it's more likely slightly longer than 5 meters and weighed around 1300kg. Victor Lin personal communication.|
|F||off eastern/south-eastern Taiwan||2 Nov 2012||There was another smaller female white shark captured off eastern Taiwan. It was reported about 5 meters long and weighed 1286kg (or 1288kg). Victor Lin personal communication.|
CF ~ 12
|off beach near Mumoan, Mie Prefecture, Japan||6 Dec 2016||Was found in a set net together with one ton of horse mackerels. When the fishermen tried to land it, it ramped up and hit the boat violently but the boat was not damaged. The shark was reported to be sold to a processor for 50000 yen (about $500). White sharks are uncommon in area where it was caught. Info from Victor Lin.|
|F||set net off northeastern Taiwan||27 Oct 2012||Victor Lin personal communication.: Although I believe there were no precise measurements taken, it was reported 5 meter long and 1750kg in media (with some earlier reports saying 6m 1500kg). Jaws were preserved by the fisherman who owns the set net and the meat was sold. Dentition photo.|
est. form P1A
|Off San Miguel Island, Azores||July 1978||Fig. caption in Ellis and McCosker (1991) says: "The 29.5 feet (9 m) initially accorded this Azorean shark eventually proved to be a wild exaggeration." Thanks to Helmut Nickel for jpg.|
|New||~5+||Bluefish Cove, Pt. Lobos State Park Ca||30 Jun 1995||A report of a shark attack on Marco Flagg, lucky to be able to tell the story. Wounds on arms and legs were 51-76 cm apart depending on position of the arm. I estimated TL assuming MOW = 51 cm.|
|Off Ceduna, Australia||21 Apr 1959||Alf Dean's rod and reel record 16'10", 1208 kg. Victor Lin p.c. Larger white sharks were caught on rod and reel but records were disallowed by IGFA because of new regulation disallowing use of mammal bait. See above information by Scott Mierzwiak for fish with TL = ~5 (16-17 feet).|
|New||5.15||F||Toyo, Kochi, Japan||22 May 1992||Uchida et al. (1996), This female was pregnant with 10 full-term embryos.|
|Streaky Bay, South Australia||26 Apr 1990||As part of Daiwa fishing tackle advertisement, a 1520kg Great White was
caught on rod and reel by a Dion Gilmore off South Australia. Regards, Julian
This 5.2 m, 1520 kg female was reported by Bruce (1992) to be mature, and bearing possible mating scars. However, uterine width indeces (UWI) of only 0.88-1.0% (left) and 0.44-0.56% (right) suggest that this female did not yet have her first litter.
|Australia||Uterine width index (UWI) = 7.7% (Mollet et al. 2000; on reproductive biology of the female shortfin mako with discussion of maturity of white shark in discussion). May have recently given birth (Stevens, unpublished data).|
|New||~5.2||F||Japan||22 May 1992||Caught off Japan (Victor Lin p.c.).|
|M||14 m south of Montauk Pt.||13 Aug 1986||Suffolk Summer Life Magazine,
Friday, August 15, 1986 (The full story by Lou Grasso).
Did not qualify for IFGA record because of use of mammal bait. See above information by Scott Mierzwiak for fish with TL = ~5 (16-17 feet).
|M||Off Favignana, Egadi Islands, Sicily||25 Apr 1980||
Favignana April 1980: This was a male specimen, reported
as ca. 520 cm TL, taken 25 April 1980 within a tonnara; it was finally
found dead in one of the trap 'cages' having been sighted the day prior.
TW estimate given as 1500 kg. Stomach contents were one intact juvenile
dolphin, weight ca 20-25kg, partially severed.
|F||Toohokke, Japan||30 May 1985||Nakano and Nakaya (1985, download pdf)|
|F||Cananéia SP, Brazil||08 Dec 1992||
Amorim A.F., Arfelli C.A.,Bornatowski H., & Hussey N.E. (2017). Rare giants? A large female great white shark caught in Brazilian waters.
|F||Seven Star Lake, Hualien (needs to be confirmed, was brought to Southern Bay dock to get better price)||13 Oct 2005||TL was 5.31 m (17' 5"). Measured 3 times by Victor Lin, there were some 3~5 cm differences. The total weight was 1730kg 3814lb ). The gutted weight was 1450 kg but some liver remained so it was not a"clean" gutted weight. No embryos were found. The distance between upper and lower tail lobe was 1.33 m. The diameter of the largest vertebra taken from on the carcass was between 80~81mm but not sure if it was the largest vertebrae. The upper jaw perimeter is 1.063 m and lower jaw perimeter is 0.889 m (much more diffcult to measure). The largest tooth measures 60.3 mm (2 3/8").Thanks to Victor Lin for information and photos.|
|F||Off Favignana, Egadi Islands, Sicily||8 May 1987||
535 cm TL female specimen caught in the 'tonnara'
bluefin tuna trap off Favignana, Egadi Islands, Sicily; date 8 May 1987;
TW ca. 2000 kg; stomach contents one adult dolphin, severed in two pieces.
|50 min. tape was taken by J. Bradley.
QuickTime video clip (~4 min/~10 MB) was prepared by Dave Powell using iMovie. Clip was lost on old server and reactivated as YouTube Video in Aug 2014. Video contains disturbing footage but this pregnant female provided valuable information on reproduction of white sharks.
|~5.36 (5.0 m FL)||
1360 incl. litter of 7
|F||North Cape, NZ (34 deg 25' S; 173 deg 03' E)||13 Nov 1991||From Francis (1996): " A female white shark was caught
by C. Garrett on the afternoon of Nov 13, 1991, at North Cape, New Zealand
(34 deg 25'S, 173 deg 03' E). She was caught in a 140-mm mesh set net in
8 m of water, and towed by Garrett and another fisherman to Houhora Harbour,
a distance of 48 km. The shark was dragged ashore on November 14 and winched
on the tray of a tow truck. During the process, five embryos were aborted
through the combined effects of gravity, compression, and direct human assistance.
The female and the embryos remained on the truck overnight and were weighed
on a log-weighing machine in Kaitaia on November 15. That afternoon, the
female was cut up for bait at Awanui Wharf, and two more embryos were discovered
inside her. The jaws were removed from an embryo of unknown length and sex
by G. Kinnear, and the offal and the seven embryos were discarded over the
edge of the wharf."
Two embryos and one vertebrae (22 +- 1 band-pairs) were retrieved later by Malcolm Francis and collected data was reported in the 1996 paper.
|New||~5.41 calc from 5.04 FL using M&C 1996||
|F||King George Sound WA||Tagged on Sunday 30 Mar 2014||Hooked with salmon bait on monitored setline (aka drumline, 14-16 mm rope attached to 3 mm cable) in 15 m of H2O near Mistaken Island in King Geroge Sound (5km SE of Albany WA). Managed to subdue shark in 2.5 hr and turn it over with 3 ropes from 6 m vessel producing tonic immobility and then make a small incision in stomach and inseert 10-yr accoustic tag without taking the heavy female out of the water. Whole process took ~ 5 min.
Same shark was externally tagged the previous Wed when it approached Fisheries Vessel near Limestone Head and then set off receivers at Ellen Cove on Th & F leading to beach closures.
|M||off Mexico's Guadalupe Island||Fall 2009||Was caught by Domeier's group. Was released after fitting the large male with a satellite tracking tag and taking a blood sample.|
|F||brought to Southern Bay Dock, East Taiwan||7 Nov 2008||Pregnant with early-term embryos (~10 cm TL) and eggcases. Thanks to Victor Lin for this valuable information.|
|Santa Rosalia, Mexico||26 Sep 2004||The huge great white shark caught by commerical fishermen near Santa Rosalia on Sept. 26, 2004. Photo courtesy Mike Kanzler, Brenda Goodson, and Justino Moreno Flores. Thanks go to Victor Lin for URL.|
|Off Korea||10 Aug 2009||In 2009, for the first time there are sevaral reports of captures off
Korea. On Aug. 10, 2009 , a 5.45 m, 1 ton(?) white shark was found stranded
on the beach, and died one hour after it was found. On the same day an old
fisherman caught a 4.7 m, 800 kg white shark (see above). Thanks to to Victor
Lin for information.
|5.49 (18')||F||Moreton Bay, Queensland Australia||18 Aug 1979||This white pointer was caught at Moreton Bay in Queensland, Australia on 18 August 1979. Jaw width outside 28" (0.711 m); jaw height top to bottom 27-1/2" (0.699 m); circumference above tooth line of upper jaw 42" (1.067 m); length down the side of largest tooth including root (behind clear gum) 2-3/8" (60.3 mm).Thanks to Ray Krueger for information and photo.|
|F||North shore Oahu, Hawaii||28 Dec 2005||Owner and Captain Jimmy Hall attracted worldwide attention with an incredible encounter with a giant great white shark on December 28th, 2005.Thanks to Steve Stine for URL.|
|New||~5.5||off Karaburam, Turkey (Aegean Sea)||14 Mar 1991||Victor Lin p.c.|
|100||5.5 ?||~ 3165
|F||Filfla Island, Malta||17 Apr 1987|| Abela 1989; (Quite a tale....!)
Mollet et al. 1996; Download pdf (3.4 MB)
|1400 or 2000?
CF~9.1 or 5.8?
|F||Canogli, Italy||16 May 1954||De Maddalena (2001) quoting Tortonese (1965), Melegari (1973), and Fergusson
Photo provided by Victor Lin.
|F||Off Favignana, Egadi Islands, Sicily||29 May 1953||Favignana 1953: A very large female, estimated 550 cm TL
and TW estimate at least 1700kg. Killed on 29 May 1953. See the original
notes penned by Guarassi (in Italian), which directly relate the details
as told to him by the former 'rais', or head, of the tonnara present at
the time it was caught.
For more detais see: Fergusson, I. K. 2002
|F||West end of Catalina Island CA, USA||13 June 1976||
Largest white shark caught off California.
|New||5.5?? 17" is 5.18||~1800
|Southern CA, USA||Sep 1994||From http://www.angelfire.com/ok/SeaKing/largest.html/
The above picture shows one of the largest recently caught sharks. This 5.5 m (17 ft) female great white shark weighing 1,800 kg (4,000 lbs) became entangled in swordfish nets in southern California waters on September 1994 and died before fishermen were able to set it free. Thanks to Victor Lin for URL and photo.
|> 5.5||?||East Caithness Coast (Scotland) near home-port of Lybster||July 15, 2003||From Jerry Conway: In late 2016, a report by George Carter has come to my attention despite it being published in 2008 (download detailed PDF). I am convinced it is a great white based on the photo, description and experience of the fisherman who is used to seeing Basking sharks. What adds to my belief is that 11 days prior to this event 4 divers in a RIB about 100 miles away (Summer Isles near Ullapool) were buzzed by a shark of the same description. Those on board the RIB saw more detail as the shark swam and noted its white underbelly / massive girth / rigid dorsal fin and pointed snout with a small black eye.|
|New||5.55||F||Kin, Okinawa, Japan||16 Feb 1985||Uchida et al. (1996). ~200 egg capsules in uteri suggesting blastodisc stage of pregnancy rather than aborted embryos.|
|New||5.55||F||Firth of Thames, about 2 km off the eastern end of Waiheke Island NZ||~ 9 Nov 2003||The
New Zealand Herald
Pregnant with 3-5 term-embryos of ~ 1.5 m TL
|?||Caught in set net off S.E. Taiwan||02 Jan 2004||Vertebrae were saved, diameter of largest one was 83 mm. It was not a very clear vertebrae for counting rings. Counts made by Sabine Wintner ranged from 16-22, depending on whether the original x-ray or the scan with and without image analysis was used. The frozen fins weighed 79 kg. Victor Lin p.c.|
|09 Mar 1965||Harpooned by Nicola Donato. Stomach contents included parts of marine turtle (Caretta carretta).Weighed ~1200 kg. (Celona, Donato, & De Maddalean Annales Ser. hist. nat. 11, 2001 1(23))|
|Photo of jaw is shown on p.74 in Ellis & McCosker (1991).||94||5.633||F||Anacapa Island.CA, USA||06 Nov 1985||L11685 in Hubbell (1996, Table 1)|
|97||5.67-6.00||1214 w/o liver
|F||Gans Bay, South Africa||17 Jan 1987||LJVC-870303; Mollet
et al. 1996 (Download pdf 3.4 MB)
Size of largest vertebrae was 80x43 mm with a band count of 23 (Dave Ebert pers. comm.). Upper Jaw Perimeter 1.375 m (Leonard Compagno pers. comm.)
|Island of Jabuka, Croatia (eastern Adriatic)||June 2003||At the end of the report a capture of a female near the Island of Jabuka, Croatiawith TL = 5.7 m and estimated weight of 2500 kg is mentioned. Thanks to Stephen Stine. For observations in the eastern Adriatic Sea see Soldo & Jardas (2002) and Soldo & Dulcic (2005).|
|New||5.76||F||Alberton, PEI, Canada||04 Aug 1983||
M91583 (Hubbell 1996);
|F||Furubira, Japan||31 May 1985||Nakano and Nakaya (1985, download pdf)|
|New||~5.8||Nepean Bay South Australia||31 Aug 2005||The KI Islander, Friday, 2 September 2005 (KI = Kangaroo
Massive shark spotted in Nepean Bay. A large White Pointer shark was spotted in the area last Wednesday morning. Kingscote resident Colin Waller was out fishing with a friend from interstate approximately two kilometres from Red Banks when, at around 11.30am, the shark appeared near their boat. "Our boat was around 16 feet long and the shark was quite a bit bigger ... I'd say it was in the vicinity of 19 feet long," Colin told The Islander. "It stayed around for about half an hour, never getting closer than six or seven metres and I think it might have been attracted to the red mullet that we were pulling in, as some of them were bleeding," he said. Mr Waller said he saw a similar sized shark about ten years ago when he was diving for rock lobster in the same area. Thanks to Victor Lin.
|5.8-6.7||Lonbboat Key, near Anna Maria FL USA||24 Dec 1937||Thanks go to John Spettell for this find.|
|F||Gulf of Gabès, southern Tunisia||26 Feb 2004||Saïdi et al. (2005). This female was pregnant with 4 near-term embryos.|
Smaller jaws likely came from this pregnant female
|F||Baisolane (officially "Pisirian"), Taiwan||13 Oct 1997||This female was pregnant and had a litter of eight (details)|
|New||~6||?||Civitanova, Italy||Feb 1839||De Maddalena et al. (2001) Annales Ser. hist. nat. 11, 2 (25):193-206.|
|F?||Enfola, Isola d'Elba, Italy||12 Aug 1938||De Maddalena et al. (2001) Annales Ser. hist. nat. 11, 2 (25):193-206.|
|New||~6||F||Ledge Point Australia||22 Mar 1984||H5384 (Hubbell 1996)|
|New||~6||M||Largest known male H112690 (Hubbell 1996)|
(08 deg 51′S 118 deg 18′E)
|31 July 2013||Fahmi & Dharmadi (2014): On 31 July 2013, a large white shark was caught by demersal longline fishers from Maringkik, West Nusa Tenggara operating about 11 km off Dompu, West Nusa Tenggara. The shark was harpooned as it followed hooked fish on the longlines during the retrieval operation at about 3 am. Due to its very large size, the body was cut into five pieces before being brought to the Tanjung Luar landing site in eastern Lombok (08d48.2′S 116d30′E) by three fishing boats. TL was estimated from the cut up 5 pieces (~6.6 m) and reported as 6 m in the abstract. First dorsal fin was reported to be 0.850 m . If it was D1H rather than D1A then it would be the largest dorsal fin ever reported. See D1H data summary. Fahmi confirmed by email that D1A was measured.|
F7282 (Hubbell 1996)
|New||6||~2000||Eaglehawk Neck, Tasmania||From Simon De Marchi: Apparently this shark was caught off "The Reef" at Eaglehawk Neck back in 1982, in Tasmania. It measured 6mt and weighed close to 2000 kg. A local fisherman, Cyril Cuminham, accidentally caught it in his nets off Clyde Island. It seems a smaller one was caught 6 years later and weighed 1,500kg.|
|New||~6.1||?||F?||Yakutat, Alaska USA||06 Sep 2004||
The next day on a charter with several clients, again
a client was reeling in a halibut, about a
60 lb fish, and had it up to the back of the boat when a large shark
took a large bite out of the middle
of it. Complete report by Rhonda R Coston.
|New||~6.2?||F||Ganzirri, Italy||9 Mar 1965||De Maddalena et al. (2001) Annales Ser. hist. nat. 11, 2 (25):193-206. Hypothesied to have been measured over-the-curve, estimated to be 5.6 m TOT from photograph.|
|M||Off Gallipoli, Italy||18 Sep 1979||De Maddalena (1999) Records of the great white shark in the Mediterranean
Sea. Private Publication.
Photo provided by Victor Lin.
|F?||Off Phillip Island, south of Victoria||1987||
Claimed to have measured 7 m TL and 2.25 tonnes according to Ellis & McCosker 1991. Data needs to be checked. Fred Dumoulin pointed out that capture year was 1987 rather than the 1978 given by Ellis and McCosker 1991. Steve Stine sent me a full body picture he found on the internet with a handwritten sign stating that it was 20' 8" long and weighed 5085 pounds (see photo on left). According to Conan A. Gray: The Great White shown in this picture is the Vic Hislop Record White, totaling 18-19’….look up Vic Hislop record Great White on Google Images, then look at license number on back of winch truck in both pictures.
|New||~6.4||F||Ganzirri, Sicily, Italy||19 Jun 1961||De Maddalena et al. (2001) Annales Ser. hist. nat. 11, 2 (25):193-206.|
|F?||Off Cojímar, Cuba||1945||
Guitart and Milera (1974) reported:. Liver
weighed 1005 pounds (456 kg); total mass was estimated to be over 7000
pounds (3175 kg), however, assuming that liver was 20-25% of total mass,
total mass would be around 2000 kg (1824-2279 kg). Vertbrae was 80 mm
diameter and 37 mm wide. Largest upper tooth was 57 mm from base to apex
(UA2H according to figure on p. 106 in Mollet et al (1996). Victor Lin
found photo on Internet.
|F?||off Sandun, China||15 Mar 2008||A very large white shark was caught off Sandun, China on March 15, 2008. According to the source(in Chinese), this shark was estimated to be 10 meters long (??), and when it was lifted by the hoist, the scale read 2.5 tons. Victor Lin pers. comm.|
|~6.7||Sabah, Borneo||Apr-May 1981||First record of the white shark Carcharodon carcharias (Lamniformes: Lamnidae) from Sabah, Malaysian Borneo by Clinton AJ Duffy|
|~7?||Camogli, Italy||16 Mar 1954||Tortonese (1965); De Maddalena et al. (2001) Annales Ser. hist. nat. 11, 2 (25):193-206. Length contested by Fergusson (1996).|
|F?||Taiwan||14 May 1997||This 2500 kg GW was caught in1997 in a set-net in Sevenstar Lake, a bay in Hualien province,Taiwan. (Victor Lin pers. comm.)|
|101||> 7?||F||Kangaroo Island, S. Australia||01 Apr 1987||Jury 1987 (What a story!);
Cappo 1988 (The scientific approach);
Mollet et al. 1996 (Download PDF 3.4 MB)
|McClain et al. (2015): "Overall, length estimates for KANGA ranged from 5.3 to 8.2 m and for MALTA between 4.6 and 7.0 m (Mollet et al., 1996)."|
|Off Mallorca||1969||McClain et al. (2015): "We also note that an individual of reported 8 m total length was caught off Mallorca in 1969 but other estimates from L–W relationships and photographs indicate the individual was 6.00–6.42 m (Morey et al., 2003)."|
|New||~8||?||?||off Ahirkapi coast, Bosphorus Strait, Turkey||28 Dec 1958||Kabasakal (2014): Caught off Ahirkapi coast by fishermen Yunus Potur and Ali Durmaz. Great white shark attacked the boat and caused damage|
|?||Bosphorus Strait, Turkey||<1926|
Kabasakal (2014): Two large tunas weighing 200 kg, and one large dolphin found in the stomach Ayash (1930).
|Photograph||No.||TL (m)||M (kg)||Sex||Capture Location||Cap.